libxnvctrl library required for Ubuntu binaries
I ran into a problem installing the NifTK 18.5.4/17.11.0 (I didn't try and older versions) binaries on a clean Ubuntu 14.04 VM.
The library libXNVCtrl.so is required by some of the MITK plugins, but isn't installed by default on Ubuntu.
Installing the relevant libraries seems to solve the issue:
apt-get install libxnvctrl-dev
XNVCtrl is aNVidia library (https://github.com/NVIDIA/nvidia-settings/tree/master/src/libXNVCtrl), so it may be a graphics card specific issue. I'm running an Alienware laptop with a NVidia GeForce GTX 1050 Ti card, but the VM uses a virtualised graphics card by default.